man sitting at airport

Detailed Guide to The Airline Industry

An airline can define itself as a company that provides transportation of passengers and goods via air. These airline companies come together with certain standards and the makeup airline industry, which is also known as the sub-sector of the aviation sector. Airline industry wider travel industry too.
In this post, you will learn all about the airline industry.

What is the Airline Industry?

The airline industry covers a wide range of businesses, called the airline, which offers their air transport services to their paying customers and business partners. The airline itself is a company that may have a much number of aircraft according to its business size. Airlines offer passenger and cargo transportation services via their specially designed jets, although some airlines also provide helicopters.

According to IATA The world’s first commercial airline originated in St. Petersburg, Florida, that was known as the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line in 1914.

Difference Between the Airline and the Aviation Industry?

You may think of these as being synonymous with this two-term airline industry and aviation industry, which are not. The airline industry is part of the aviation industry as classified. The airline industry provides air transportation services to their paying customers and their business partners. Whereas the aviation industry includes all aviation-related businesses and their regaled authorities. Thus, with this in mind, the airline industry is a part of a sector of the wide aviation industry. In addition to this sector, aviation companies also cover other areas of businesses like manufacturing various aircraft, offering non-commercial flights, aerospace companies, regulations authorities, and research organizations.

What are the Different Types of Airlines?

Airlines can be grouped into different categories. Actual types are different according to a different parts of the world. But here broadly speaking, airlines can be classified mainly into three types.
Which are as follows:

International Airlines

International airlines are a group of the largest revenue-making, most high profile, and operating large passenger jets and making billions of dollars of revenue per year. These airline groups also provide their services across most of the world by covering large-distance flights. Additionally, international airlines employ tens of thousands of people and have multiple hubs, and have access to hundreds of airport destinations across many countries of the world. They are usually operating globally and supply their services globally. Some of their examples are American Airlines, Delta Airlines, and FedEx Express.

National Airlines

National airlines are national flag carriers or somehow identified by national identity and govern by a national government or some of them are owned by national private organizations. They have preferential rights or privileges for international operations and services. National airlines are just one step lower than the largest international airlines; they offer services through medium to large-sized jets in the home country, and also international destinations. A national airline employs thousands of peoples, but have a smaller fleet in size. In some cases, national airlines are influenced by the seasonal fluctuation of demands.
Some of their examples are Air India, Japan Airlines, Lufthansa, and British Airways.

Regional Airlines

Regional airlines are the smallest of the three airlines. They provide services in a specific region and sometimes they provide services to a part of the world with lower demands where international and national airlines do not avail their services. Some regional airlines work with international and national airlines for affiliates and they provide connecting flights from their working region to the main airline’s hub.
Some of their examples are Alliance Air, ANA Wings, Lufthansa CityLine, and American Eagle.

Top 10 Airlines in the World

Skytrax’s world airline award-winning airline is Qatar Airways, voted the world’s best airline for a record seventh time in 2022.
India’s Vistara was also a key winner, ranked 20th in the list of the world’s best airlines. Vistara has also received two awards, The best airline in India and Southern Asia and the best airline staff service in India and Southern Asia.
Here are the top 10 airlines of the year 2022

  1. Qatar Airways
  2. Singapore Airlines
  3. Emirates
  4. ANA All Nippon Airways
  5. Qantas Airways
  6. Japan Airlines
  7. Turkish Airlines
  8. Air France
  9. Korean Air
  10. Swiss International Air Lines

The Biggest Airline Companies in the World

• American Airlines
• Delta Airlines
• United Airlines
• Emirates
• Southwest Airlines
• China Southern Airlines
• Ryanair
• KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

Business Models for Airlines

There is a huge number of airlines operating around the world with their specific area or business field and services. Their way of doing business is different but they belong to one of these described main 4 ways of business models, which are as follows:

Full-Service Carriers

Full-service carriers (sometimes called Legacy) are full-service airlines that offer most of the services included in ticket pricing, e.g., in-flight entertainment, free baggage allowances, meals, beverage, and comfort-related things like pillows, blankets, etc. Their seats are more comfortable with more leg rooms, Full-service carrier airlines provide their customers the choice of economy or business class travel and some carrier also provide premium economy and first class. Typically, in general speaking full-service carriers still provide their most common items and services at no extra charges. Just one ticket price and most of them included in it.
Some examples are Air India, Vistara, and Lufthansa.

Low-Costs Carriers

Low-cost carrier are airlines that aims to provide their services at low costs or economic prices, they have the advantage over full-service carrier because of their budget-friendly nature. This is done in several ways, including smaller aircraft, smaller fleets, offering more limited services, and availing extra services at the price on demand. So, it makes their business model tend to promote value for money. In-flight services are not included in the price of the ticket.
Some of their examples are Indigo, GoAir, and Southwest Airlines.

Charter Carrier

Charter carriers are the airlines that provide their aircraft on a rent or lease basis, these tend to be associated with holiday packages, the holiday company leased them and combined them with the holiday elements of a hotel and travel destinations. Charter carrier airlines do not sell their ticket directly, they will be in an agreement with tour operators and travel agencies, who take care of passengers’ availability. Charter carriers are a middle ground between full-service and low costs service carriers in terms of passenger services. They also provide meals and similar in-flight services included with ticket prices.

Cargo Carrier

Cargo carrier airlines are airlines that provide air transportation services for cargo or freight, mainly they are focused on freights and cargo services area. Cargo carrier airlines can be a subdivision of passenger airlines. Freight carriers can be broken down into traditional and integrated cargo carriers. All aspects of the cargo carrier are controlled by the company, which included non-flights elements and the ground.
Some of their examples are FedEx Express, and Japan Airlines.


An airline can define itself as a company that provides transportation of passengers and goods via air by their specially designed jets and aircraft. An airline is a company that may have many numbers of aircraft according to its business size. The main difference between the airline industry and the aviation industry is that the airline industry is part of the aviation industry. The airline industry provides air transportation services to their paying customers and their business partners. Whereas the aviation industry includes all aviation-related businesses and their regaled authorities. Airlines can be classified mainly into three types which are International, National & Regional. World Airlines’ award-winning ratings are published by Skytrax every year. The Main 4 ways of business models for airlines are full-service carriers, low-cost carriers, charter carriers & cargo carriers.